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They also enjoy lichens and mushrooms as staples of their diets, usually available all year round rather than seasonally. Furthermore, one of the plants that they browse is the Western poison oak, even though this tree gives off highly irritant content! However, they tend to feed on grass in a way that the other subspecies does not. The grass consists of several types, in particular bluegrass, bromegrass, and orchardgrass. They also include berries in their diet on occasion, as well as cultivated crops such as corn or peas if they are available, much to the dismay of surrounding farmers!

In contrast to the Sitka deer, habitats for the Columbian subspecies are far more diverse. They favor the outskirts of the forests, rather than the shelter of the canopy which lacks the underbrush. This allows them to wander freely between open grasslands, while still having access to the safety and hiding spots of the forest.

Such a position also offers them shelter when storms or heavy rainfall passes through the area. They also inhabit the mountainous areas of North America, unlike the Sitka black tailed deer who favor the low altitude areas.

Here they feed on the open grasslands at daybreak and nightfall when temperatures are moderate. If feeding during the night, they also seek out open areas.

Although this does invite greater predation, due to the highly exposed environment. Your email address will not be published. Your Website. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Some recommended products may use affiliate links. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.

Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon. Gestation Period Following this is the gestation period, which lasts for roughly six to seven months. Communication The individual pheromones and scent of a deer help the species to communicate.

Physical Characteristics Much like other types of deer , the markings and colorings of the deer vary throughout the year. Antlers As is the case with most deer, bucks have antlers while does do not. Deers are browsers, and most of their food comes from scouting around the foliage. Where is the Sitka subspecies found? Where is the Columbian subspecies found?

Share this post Tweet. Leave a Reply Cancel Your email address will not be published. Animal migration is the relatively long-distance movement of individual animals, usually on a seasonal basis.

It is the most common form of migrati Black-tailed deer. Mule Deer. Te Terrestrial Terrestrial. Photos with Black-tailed deer. View 93 more photos of Black-tailed deer. Geography Continents. North America. Mexico, Canada, United States. Prince of Wales Island has several issues: POW likely has the highest level of illegal or unreported harvests, estimated to be equal to the reported harvest due to extensive and increasing road system, lack of law enforcement personnel and high unemployment.

During the next five to 10 years large tracts of previously logged areas will reach the closed canopy stem exclusion stage; large tracts of land will be converted to extremely poor deer habitat, and consequently, habitat capability and deer numbers are expected to decline.

Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Hide Section Navigation. Photo Gallery. View Large Map. Did You Know? General Description The Sitka black-tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis is smaller, stockier, and has a shorter face than other members of the black-tailed group.

Life History Growth and Reproduction Sitka black-tail fawns are born in late spring, following the breeding season in late November. Feeding Ecology During summer, deer generally feed on herbaceous vegetation and the green leaves of shrubs. Range and Habitat The Sitka black-tailed deer is native to the wet coastal rain forests of Southeast Alaska and north-coastal British Columbia. Deer swim well and are found on all Southeast Islands except remote Forrester Island. Status, Trends, and Threats Deer have inhabited northern Southeast Alaska since their migration from southern refugia following the Pleistocene epoch.

Deer were introduced to the Yakutat area in Threats Deer populations are prone to dramatic population swings, largely attributable to severe winter weather. As of , all samples collected from Alaska deer were free of chronic wasting disease.

Fast Facts Size Up to pounds, but more typically pounds. Diet Herbivorous; deer feed on vegetation and green leaves of shrubs, along with evergreen forbs and woody browse. Predators Wolf, black and brown bears. Reproduction Deer have fawns annually, with twins being most common in does of prime breeding age.

The best rifle season here is the last few days of October. You can also choose the late rifle season, which usually begins around the 18th of November. It continues for four days and gives you ample opportunities to stalk and hunt the deer. Bigger bucks are usually spotted in the timbered area between Interstate 5 and Mount Rainier.

It is in November when the bucks come out of tight cover. The cold and rainy days during this period would be perfect for hunting. The high countryside is usually abundant with the blacktail bucks when they seek some respite from the heat. The soaring temperatures force them to move to the higher areas of the mountains. During these times, it would be difficult for you to stalk them in areas of open terrain.

 
 

 

– Black-Tailed Deer Facts | Pets on

 
Deer are the woodland embodiment of grace. Blacktail deer, a subspecies of mule deer, live in the coastal forests stretching from northern California to. These deer live in forests near the Pacific coast. They can be found on the mountains as well as near the foothills. They prefer a mild climate with a cool. The black-tailed deer (also known as coast or Columbian black-tailed deer), Odocoileus hemionus columbianus or Dama hemionus columbiana, is distributed.

 
 

Sitka Black-tailed Deer Species Profile, Alaska Department of Fish and Game

 
 

Black tailed deer are a common game animal. They have sometimes been treated as one species, but following further investigation, have been confirmed as subspecies. It is believed that the mule deer evolved from the black tails. Therefore, black tailed deer group, and the mule deer group are capable of hybridization. They further separate into two distinct types, the first being the Sitka Black Tailed Deer Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis , and the second being the Columbian Black Tailed Deer Odocoileus hemionus columbianus.

Both subspecies tend to be smaller and darker than white tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus , and other types of mule deer. More specifically, they occupy coastal woodlands from Northern California, through to the Pacific Northwest of the US.

As a species, they have not always lived as far West as they do now. In fact, they once used to occupy land as far East as Wyoming! This is because they have a remarkable ability to move, unseen and unheard, through the wilderness. Hence why they are one of the least studied deer species in North America — they are very hard to pin down!

They are secretive and stealthy, making them difficult to hunt, but a trophy if caught. Much like the Majestic Elk , their natural lifespan is relatively short, at just nine to ten years. However, this can be largely increased if bred and reared in captivity, even up to 20 years in some cases. In order to understand black tailed deer, it is important to study their mating behavior. Other components include the chasing of the females by male deer!

This can be observed first hand from roads and trails during mating season. Does seek to mate with bucks that have larger, stockier antlers.

The males are known as bucks, and the females as does. During this time, the males will compete and fight for the affection of the doe in what is referred to as a rut. After a rut takes place, the bucks will seek a safe hiding spot to rest and recuperate. They often lose weight or nurse wounds, such as broken antlers, after the fight. Following this is the gestation period, which lasts for roughly six to seven months. In late May and early June, the fawns begin to be born, even coming in twins or triplets on rare occasions!

Their weight ranges between 6 and 9 pounds. Sadly, their mortality rate is extortionate! Humans especially are seen as a threat. Bucks do not participate in raising their offspring, and in the summer join bachelor groups. In contrast, does form family groups, consisting of females and their young fawns.

Each family group is led by the oldest mother, but young bucks must leave when approaching maturity at about 18 months old. The individual pheromones and scent of a deer help the species to communicate.

These are released from several specific glands located in the lower leg region of the animal. The first, the metatarsal, is located on the outside of the lower leg.

This produces an alarm scent, to heighten the senses of the deer and make it more alert. The tarsal, on the other hand, is located on the inside of the hock, and aids in mutual recognition between other black tailed deer. Finally, the interdigital gland, which is located between the toes, releases a scent that creates a trail when the deer travels across the habitat.

Much like other types of deer , the markings and colorings of the deer vary throughout the year. So, while in summer they foster more reddish tones, in winter they tend to look more greyish brown. They have relatively large ears, which move independently of each other!

Their rather broad tails, that are either black or dark brown on the tip, are the defining feature to have given them their name. They also have a white undersurface that is exposed as a signal when they are frightened.

Sitka black tails are the slighter of the two subspecies, with bucks weighing approximately pounds, and does just 80 pounds. Columbian black tails, however, have stockier bodies, albeit slightly slimmer legs.

Bucks weigh far more, up to pounds normally! Whilst does weigh up to pounds. Fun fact: They also have four stomachs! Being ruminants, this means that their food is barely chewed before it is swallowed. Following this, it is regurgitated, then rechewed and swallowed one last time. Three further stomachs then digest the contents before it even enters the intestine of the deer. As is the case with most deer, bucks have antlers while does do not. Their antlers are dark brown in color, and branch identically on either side of their head.

Antler buttons begin to appear at just six to eight months old. Making it far easier to distinguish between male and female fawns. However, they do have a significant growth period, not becoming fully grown until the buck is four or five years of age.

Their antlers develop under a special type of skin, referred to as velvet. Which is removed upon full development of the antlers. This is, however, an annual cycle, as antlers are shed between December and March each year. From April up until August, a fresh pair of antlers begin to grow. They become bigger with each year of regrowth. Sitka black tailed deer are herbivores, and their diet mostly consists of foliage from shrubs as well as herbs. Both are very important staples in the summer months in particular.

In the winter months, however, their diet tends to consist of different components. For example forbs and bunchberry from evergreen trees. The forbs, however, can only be accessed when there is no snow. As otherwise they are covered and hard for the Sitka to spot or smell. They also eat lichens all year round, which therefore make up a large component of their herbivore diet. These also come from evergreen trees. Grass, however, is rarely something that they feed on.

Sitka black tails tend to be found inhabiting the rainforests of coastal locales. However, the height of their habitat is a major factor affecting their diet and distribution. Both subtypes prefer a cooler climate, with a mild temperature and ample rainfall.

For example, being in North America, the amount of snowfall is high throughout the winter months. This can easily obscure their food, and make scavenging in areas of higher elevation very difficult. For this reason, during the colder seasons, they need to inhabit forests that are less than 1, ft in terms of height.

Therefore, Sitka black tails can often be found in both Hemlock and Spruce forests during Winter. These forests, in particular, let in plenty of sunlight through the gaps in the canopy. This is beneficial for the feeding habits of Sitka, as it allows the adequate provision of sunlight for the growth of further shrubs and foliage that they feed on.

Like the Sitka black tail, the Columbian black tail is also a herbivore. But although their diets are similar, they still differ in certain staples.

Their feeding habits are also not exactly the same. Shrubs and forbs form a large part of the diet of the Columbia subspecies, as it does with the Sitka black tail. They also enjoy lichens and mushrooms as staples of their diets, usually available all year round rather than seasonally. Furthermore, one of the plants that they browse is the Western poison oak, even though this tree gives off highly irritant content! However, they tend to feed on grass in a way that the other subspecies does not.

The grass consists of several types, in particular bluegrass, bromegrass, and orchardgrass. They also include berries in their diet on occasion, as well as cultivated crops such as corn or peas if they are available, much to the dismay of surrounding farmers!

In contrast to the Sitka deer, habitats for the Columbian subspecies are far more diverse. They favor the outskirts of the forests, rather than the shelter of the canopy which lacks the underbrush. This allows them to wander freely between open grasslands, while still having access to the safety and hiding spots of the forest. Such a position also offers them shelter when storms or heavy rainfall passes through the area. They also inhabit the mountainous areas of North America, unlike the Sitka black tailed deer who favor the low altitude areas.

Here they feed on the open grasslands at daybreak and nightfall when temperatures are moderate. If feeding during the night, they also seek out open areas. Although this does invite greater predation, due to the highly exposed environment.

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