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In the obstacle cone driving, time penalties are awarded for exceeding the time allowed to complete the cones course, which is calculated by taking the measured distance of the course and dividing it by the speed allowed.

Penalties are also awarded for knocking down a ball from any of the cones on the course. In all phases of the competition, a number of other infringements may also incur penalties, for example the driver or groom dismounting the vehicle, breaking of pace where a certain pace is prescribed, not carrying a whip in the dressage or cones, errors of course in the dressage, marathon obstacles or cones.

Some infringements, such as an uncorrected error of course will incur elimination. All the possible penalties are described in the rule books, published by the FEI and National Federations. Calculation of results is complex. There are software programs available to record the data and output results.

International driving competitions, which fall under FEI rules, are divided into the following categories or classes, which reflect the number and arrangement of horses:. The competitions are further divided into horses and ponies, according to the size of the animals.

Driving Ponies must not exceed cm. All animals over this height are classified as Horses. At National and Club level, further division is made according to the ability and experience of the driver. There is also the Training division, for a seasoned whip driving a new horse Classes are further split into height divisions, which generally include tiny pony under cm, pony and horse, but there are also often divisions for small and large ponies. Multiples pairs, randoms etc.

The driver qualifies for the class usually by successfully competing in a lower class for a set period of time or a number of wins. Most people start driving with a single pony or horse and these can range from 80 cm 32 in to cm 17hh. Many clubs run special classes for the smallest ponies. Although there is a seat next to the driver on some marathon carriages — called the suicide seat — this is not generally used except in training or to thrill a sponsor.

The horse or pony may be of any breed , although warmbloods are often seen at the highest levels of competition. Morgans are also popular. The horse must be responsive, have a good mind, and be reliable. If multiple horses are used, they should be of similar height, build, and movement, and preferably similar color.

When using multiple horses, it is important to choose the most suitable horse as a “wheeler” or “leader”. Leaders are often flashier and have greater presence than wheelers. Ponies are popular driving animals in the UK and Welsh ponies and cobs have a special aptitude, intelligence and presence in all driving disciplines.

Hackney horses and part-breds are popular, too, as their extravagant action combined with athleticism and stamina enables them to star in every phase of the competition. For the presentation and dressage phase, carriages and harness are often leather, built along traditional lines, and designed for attractive appearance. The Spider phaeton is one of the more commonly used types of carriage for dressage.

Competitors may use either 2-wheeled or 4-wheeled vehicles, but 4-wheelers are most often used in modern competition. Many competitors have a second carriage for the marathon phase. Most marathon vehicles are of a modern design, tailor-made for competition. They are manufactured from steel, aluminium or other alloys and may have hydraulic disc brakes on front and rear wheels, low centre of gravity and very small turning circle.

A tougher harness is also used in the marathon phase, often made from synthetic materials rather than the traditional leather. These carriages have extending axles to make the rear wheels the required width for the dressage and cones phases currently cm minimum for all pony and for single and tandem horse classes. All carriages for the marathon phase are cm minimum track width, measured on the ground and on the rear wheels.

For Indoor driving trials, carriages should be a minimum of cm for all phases. Called The FEI World Cup Driving, it is a series of competitions for four-in-hand drivers, that provides an innovative and exciting style of competition in an indoor arena. These take place at venues throughout Europe, alongside other World Cup competitions, during the months of October to March. Drivers qualify to take part in the World Cup at a number of designated qualifying outdoor events during the preceding summer season.

The top ten drivers in the qualifying table go forward to compete in the World Cup. There are 6 or 7 events in the World Cup series, plus a Final. Of the 10 qualified drivers, 5 compete in each event. In addition, the home nation which is staging the event may nominate up to 3 “wildcard” drivers to take part. Two rounds are driven in each World Cup competition, usually on subsequent days.

The warm-up round is first and the placing of drivers after this round determines the starting order for the World Cup competition proper. The World Cup Driving course combines elements from marathon obstacles and cones driving phases of outdoor driving competitions.

Two obstacles are built, one at each end of the arena, with a number of cones between them. These all have to be driven in the correct sequence and at the fastest possible speed, without dislodging any of the knock-down elements. The course will also include a “bridge”.

Drivers are awarded points according to their placings in each round. After the 6 or 7 World Cup competitions, the five highest placed drivers go forward to the Final. At the Final, all drivers start from scratch. The top 3 drivers after the first round will then have a drive off over the same course, with their scores carried forward into the drive off. In a group of enthusiasts in Sussex, England, started a series of winter one-day competitions, based on the three phases of driving trials, but modified to take place in an indoor arena.

This takes five minutes to drive and is marked by two judges, one judging only the paces and one judging the precision and accuracy of the figures. Each judge has a scorer close by who holds up the judge’s mark for each of the ten movements in the test so the event scorer and audience can see it. Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns and joining the same Virtual Classroom meeting.

This requires editing the calendar event for the Zoom meeting to restrict the event to that specific section. Note: All students will be able to see the meeting within the Zoom tool in TCU Online by clicking People on the nav bar in the course, then selecting Zoom. Restrictions can be set only control the calendar visibility though.

Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns and joining the same Zoom meeting. Announcements Create an Announcement in the course that is relevant and visible to all students in the combined course, regardless of their section.

This will allow you to communicate information specific to one section or all sections. Assignments Create an Assignment with a single due date that would apply for students in all sections of the combined course.

For example, this single assignment can be due at pm on a specific date for all sections. This route is helpful if the assignment is identical for both sections. When adding special access, instructors are able to view the list by users or view by sections. If you set a due date for a student with special access that is different from the due date set on the Turnitin tab, the Turnitin due date does not change.

Classlist Note: When course are combined in TCU Online, students will only see and be able to communicate with classmates in their enrolled section from within the Classlist tool.

View students in the Classlist View Classlist by Users to view all students in the combined course. View Classlist by Section to view students in their respective sections. Content Content modules and content topics can be created and shared with all students in the course without any special settings.

Create a Module visible to all students in the course. This is the default sharing option, so no special steps are required. Content modules and content topics can be restricted to specific sections using Release Conditions. This is helpful if different content should be delivered to each section.

No special setup is needed. Set Release Conditions for Grade Items and Categories for Specific Sections in a Combined Course to release grade items to only be visible to specific sections in your course.

This is not advised for a weighted gradebook, as it could complicate the calculations or cause gradebook issues. Please schedule a Virtual Lab appointment to discuss with the Koehler Center staff. Change the Total number of users per page to view up to students at once. Quizzes Create a Quiz with a single due date that would apply for students of all sections in the course. For example, the Quiz can be due at pm on a specific date for all sections. We aim for a next-day turnaround, this is dependent on the transport routes and how busy we are at the time.

It works both ways and could be earlier than your requested date. Loading view. There are no events on this day. September October 6. October What Is This Course? At lower levels – with shorter and less difficult cross-country courses, more basic level dressage tests, and simpler jumper courses – a CT event can be held over just two days.

The FENCE Horse Trials held in the spring of each year, for example, are arranged so that competitors do their cross-country and dressage test in one day and their stadium jumping on the second day.

Final standings are arranged by comparing total number of points in stadium jumping and dressage, along with the best times and fewest penalties in cross-country. As might be imagined, these multi-day events with three different areas of activity require an enormous number of volunteers.

 
 

 

Combined Studies Courses | The Open University.

 

A combined course allows instructors to add and update content, as well as communicate with students from multiple course sections, in one location rather than working in multiple courses.

Students in a combined course are sortable by section in various tools such as the Classlist, Grades, and Assignments. Courses eligible to be combined are those officially offered through the Registrar in the same semester session. Once combined, instructors will still see the course tiles for all individual sections in the My Courses area of TCU Online. Instructors who wish to manage the active courses they view can pin their current courses.

It is best to combine courses before the start of the semester. We do not recommend combining courses once students have engaged with the content and especially after students have submitted work. The archive of the student activity and work submitted will not transfer into the combined course. Combined courses work best when all students need to have the same content, course activities assignments, discussions, quizzes, etc.

Some examples are:. While the scenarios outlined below are possible to combine, they can be complicated to set up and manage. We do not recommend combining courses when these scenarios are present.

If your combined course request meets the descriptions below, please schedule a Virtual Lab appointment to discuss with the Koehler Center staff the best approach for designing your course s in TCU Online.

If you are considering combining your courses but still need certain course activities Assignments, Discussions, Quizzes, Content, etc. For combined courses, students enrolled in separate sections of a combined course should not be permitted to see or interact with students in sections other than their own , unless their course is cross-listed with the Registrar and shares a common meeting place and time.

To ensure FERPA Compliance in your combined course, make the following modifications to your course setup for the following tools. General Chats in the Chat tool displays the names of all students who post in the chat, regardless of section assignment. By default, all emails sent from within the Classlist tool in TCU Online will bcc: all recipients, thus protecting privacy. In case you add users manually into emails you compose within your course, be sure to always add students to the bcc: field to protect their privacy.

Instructors can use the Virtual Classroom integration in TCU Online to host meetings within their combined courses in a few ways:. Instructors can use the Zoom integration in TCU Online to host meetings within their combined courses in a few ways:.

The information below explains how various tools function when multiple sections are combined in a course offering in TCU Online. Note: When course are combined in TCU Online, students will only see and be able to communicate with classmates in their enrolled section from within the Classlist tool. Request a combined course by completing our Request Combined Courses form after you or your co-instructor can see all the classes in TCU Online and are listed as the instructor of record in Class Search.

Once requested, combining courses is a manual process, and it may take up to hours during business days to complete. You will receive an email when it is complete with the Next Steps also below , but you can start working in your main course at any time i. Once your courses are combined, instructors must set the courses to active.

Please see the important information that requires your action to activate or inactivate your courses:. Use case for this setup: The individual sections newly associated with the main, combined course should remain inactive.

Students will not see their individual course sections, and instead will only see the combined course. Instructors will continue to see all courses for all sections assigned whether active or inactive. Often Instructors will pin the combined course so it is easy to locate.

Click the image to view it larger, or download an accessible pdf version. Check the box for Course is Active. Click Save , then Close. This will allow both a combined course to be visible to students AND an individual course for section-specific information.

Use case for this setup: You teach a lecture course with all lab sections combined into the lecture course in TCU Online. You also wish to have individual lab course sections active in TCU Online so your Teaching Assistants can upload lab assignments and grade student lab work in a separate space.

The main combined course would allow you as the Instructor to easily communicate with all students as one combined list or separated by lab section in one place, and share lecture material or general lab information with all students in one central location. Schedule a Virtual Lab appointment to talk with the Koehler Center staff about your course and special use cases before you get started. What are Combined Courses?

Combined courses can provide: a more consistent learning experience by allowing students from all sections to see the same content. Should I combine my courses? Combined Courses are Recommended When: Combined courses work best when all students need to have the same content, course activities assignments, discussions, quizzes, etc.

Some examples are: You teach multiple sections of the same course and the same content is utilized for students in all sections. Example: FINA sections and You teach a cross-listed course. You teach a course with multiple lab sections. Example: BIOL lecture and , , and labs. If the instructor wanted to combine these, they can either combine the lecture and labs into one course, or only combine the lab sections together and keep the lecture separate.

The students would receive the same content because they are all enrolled in the lecture together, and in their individual labs they complete the same lab work. You are team teaching and want your course section combined with an instructor who is teaching another section to share the same content.

Both graduate and undergraduate students attend the same class, although they register for different course levels with the registrar. Both the undergraduate and graduate students need the same content. Combined Courses are Not Recommended When: While the scenarios outlined below are possible to combine, they can be complicated to set up and manage. A combined course is still possible but may be complicated to manage if: the sections you wish to combine occur on different days e.

These variables would require complex methods of assigning due dates to students using special access, and can be tedious to build and manage.

Chat General Chats in the Chat tool displays the names of all students who post in the chat, regardless of section assignment. To ensure FERPA compliance, do one of the following: For combined courses with sections that meet at different times: Create a Personal Chat for a Specific Section in a Combined Course : Students will only be able to communicate with members of their own course section.

Do NOT create a General chat as it would not protect student privacy. If you do not plan to use the Chat tool in your course, Disable the Chat tool in your course.

Click Course Admin on the nav bar, then select Tools. Toggle the Chat tool to off. Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns. Optional : If you do not plan to use the Chat tool in your course, Disable the Chat tool in your course.

Discussions For combined courses with sections that meet at different times: Create a Discussion Topic for Specific Sections in a Combined Course to deliver the same discussion prompt to students of each section.

Only one discussion topic would be created but the section members would only see their responses from their own course section. This discussion topic can be associated to a single grade item. Email By default, all emails sent from within the Classlist tool in TCU Online will bcc: all recipients, thus protecting privacy. Groups For combined courses with sections that meet at different times: Create Group Categories for a Specific Section in a Combined Course : If students in your combined course need to be categorized into groups, you must set up a separate group category with enrollments restricted by section to maintain the privacy of the students.

A grade item and course activity discussion or assignment would need to be created for each group category. This setup can become complicated, so we recommend scheduling a Virtual Lab appointment with the Koehler Center staff to talk through the setup. Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns and working together within groups. Virtual Classroom Instructors can use the Virtual Classroom integration in TCU Online to host meetings within their combined courses in a few ways: For combined courses with sections that meet at different times: Schedule a Meeting with Virtual Classroom in TCU Online for a Specific Section in a Combined Course : Schedule recurring or individual meetings that only a specific section in a combined course can access.

This requires manually selecting the users from a specific section on the invitee list. Only users who are invited will see the meeting in the Virtual Classroom tool and in the Calendar.

We recommend naming the reoccurring meetings with the class time and ask students to use the one for their specific class time.

There are no special restrictions needed for this setup. Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns and joining the same Virtual Classroom meeting.

This requires editing the calendar event for the Zoom meeting to restrict the event to that specific section. Note: All students will be able to see the meeting within the Zoom tool in TCU Online by clicking People on the nav bar in the course, then selecting Zoom.

Restrictions can be set only control the calendar visibility though. Since the students would already know each other as classmates, there are no FERPA issues regarding student privacy concerns and joining the same Zoom meeting. Announcements Create an Announcement in the course that is relevant and visible to all students in the combined course, regardless of their section. This will allow you to communicate information specific to one section or all sections. Assignments Create an Assignment with a single due date that would apply for students in all sections of the combined course.

For example, this single assignment can be due at pm on a specific date for all sections. This route is helpful if the assignment is identical for both sections. When adding special access, instructors are able to view the list by users or view by sections. If you set a due date for a student with special access that is different from the due date set on the Turnitin tab, the Turnitin due date does not change.

Classlist Note: When course are combined in TCU Online, students will only see and be able to communicate with classmates in their enrolled section from within the Classlist tool. View students in the Classlist View Classlist by Users to view all students in the combined course.

View Classlist by Section to view students in their respective sections. Content Content modules and content topics can be created and shared with all students in the course without any special settings. Create a Module visible to all students in the course. This is the default sharing option, so no special steps are required.

Content modules and content topics can be restricted to specific sections using Release Conditions. This is helpful if different content should be delivered to each section. No special setup is needed.

 
 

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